Healthy pregnant and regularly is the dream of every mother who is pregnant. To that end, a balanced nutritional intake factor becomes important for pregnant women. This meant that the nutrition of the fetus to remain healthy and thrive. The better the nutrient intake by a mother to her fetus then it will be better the process of growth of the baby in the womb. Their nutrition is a major factor that women or pregnant women get a healthy pregnancy.
Preferably, if the state of the pregnant woman is weak due to lack of nutrition then this problem would also affect the future baby. The symptoms for pregnant women with no balanced nutrition is the reduction of appetite, fatigue, too frequent urination, and constipation. If you experience such symptoms, you should immediately consult an expert or doctor concerned.
However, a healthy pregnancy is a dream for every woman or mother who had tested positive for pregnancy. Therefore, a healthy pregnancy is how you can protect yourself and your baby. With a balanced diet, of course, can help you get a smooth delivery process. Prior to the pregnancy itself, good from now you have to prepare mentally and start to live a healthy lifestyle.
The days of pregnancy can be said vulnerable time for pregnant women. Therefore, at this time the need for extra care, better health issues related to physical and mental health (psychological) mother. Of its physical characteristics, every pregnant woman’s body normally undergoes many changes, namely the occurrence of abdominal wall muscle relaxation, swelling of the lower limbs, and breathing disorders and is often accompanied by feelings of fear and anxiety in the face of labor. To avoid this, we recommend that pregnant women do pregnancy exercise regularly or light physical exercises to facilitate birth. Pregnancy exercise can be done by mothers whose pregnancy had been aged over 20 weeks and getting permission from a doctor.
The mild form of physical exercise in question is a form of physical exercise with a focus on muscle joints, respiratory system, and correction of posture. Mild physical exercise before it can be useful to eliminate complaints of back pain, muscle spasms and calf. In addition, physical exercise can strengthen muscles, improve the respiratory system, and correcting posture in order to avoid complaints hyperlordosis so avoid the pain and sense of tired when standing or walking.
Furthermore, mental exercises can be done with relaxation when a sleeping position (lying), sat back, and relaxation for the mental preparation for labor. This exercise aims to increase knowledge and confidence in dealing with the process of pregnancy and childbirth.
B. Problems Excess Weight During Pregnancy
Sometimes the question arises in our minds, how, yes, how to overcome obesity during pregnancy? The problem of obesity is of course considered to be quite disturbing appearance, especially young mothers who first conceive. But how exactly this problem of obesity during pregnancy. Are there specific effects so that you avoid it by way of diet? Or conversely, obesity during pregnancy it is necessary for inadequate nutrition for the baby?
In response to these problems, dr. Suririnah in one of his writings in www.infoibu.com stated that during pregnancy, pregnant women need to grow berta body. So, during pregnancy is not the time to worry because you will be seen to be big or look fat. According to him, a woman or a pregnant woman becomes necessary to gain weight because they contain the prospective baby in her body, and is also important as the preparation process while breastfeeding later. Here is a crucial moment for the mother to think give and do the best for themselves and her unborn child.
So, is there the limits of a reasonable weight into their pregnancy? Speaking about the limits of the ideal body weight during pregnancy, dr. Suririnah reiterated, when you have an underweight before pregnancy occurs, your recommended weight gain between 14-20 kg. However, if your weight is in the normal state before pregnancy, your weight gain is recommended ranges from 12.5 to 17.5 kg. Then, if you have excess body weight before pregnancy, weight gain between 7.5 to 12.5 kg.
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Coping with Pregnancy Disorders
During pregnancy the mother load becomes heavy, either while working or doing other activities. Hence, comes the various complaints and disorders or other diseases. Here are a variety of disorders of pregnancy are accompanied by ways to cope.
1. Dizziness, nausea, and vomiting
How to cope: rest, eat little by little but often, sleep with the head lower than the heart, drink a glass of hot tea with a little biscuit or snack before going to bed.
Whitish occur due to increased hormones during pregnancy. The indication, vaginal discharge milky white, thin, and odorless. Whitish will increase with increasing gestational age. However, no need to worry as this is normal vaginal discharge. The fix is to maintain cleanliness and humidity of the vaginal area. Wear cotton underwear and not tight. When this whitish discoloration, odor changed, becoming more and more so it checked by your doctor.
3. It is hard to sleep
Pregnancy is getting bigger making pregnant women uncomfortable, insomnia or anxiety. This occurs early in pregnancy and before delivery. The fix is to adjust the position of the bed so comfortable, resting comfortably in his bedroom with good air circulation, exercise regularly, eat nutritious food, and drink milk before bed.
4. Frequent urination and constipation
The fix is to drink water that is quite a lot, ate fruit and eat vegetables that contain fiber.
5. Varicose veins and stomach cramps
The occurrence of stomach cramps for their growth and enlargement of the uterus, where it widens to the muscles and ligaments supporting the uterus. As for varicose veins is caused by an increase in the hormone progesterone during pregnancy. This is certainly also lead to a loosening of the walls of blood vessels in the legs, increasing the pressure of the uterus on the pelvic veins, and increased blood volume. The fix is to maintain the health of the feet, standing not too long, and when bowel movements are not straining too much.
The fix is to keep the food that could potentially form a gas, such as sweet potato, jackfruit, radish, cabbage, and carbonated beverages.
D. Examination Content
Checking the womb for pregnant women is very important to know the state of the mother and the fetus, whether healthy or not. If the mother is healthy then the fetus will be healthy too. Preferably, pregnancy examination was conducted at the following times.
1. Once a month in I-VI.
2. Twice in VII-VIII.
3. Once a week in IX until delivery arrives.
Here, by physicians while checking the patients, especially pregnant women.
1. Considering the weight of pregnant women
Considering the weight is important to determine the increase or decrease in body weight of pregnant women. For pregnant women are also strongly encouraged pregnant women to drink honey.
2. Measuring blood pressure
It is intended to determine the blood pressure of the mother, whether normal or not. Blood pressure that is binding in pregnant women should be wary of the presence of hypertension or preeclampsia (pregnancy poisoning).
3. The urine test
Urine tests were first performed to determine whether the mother is pregnant positive or negative. Another function of the urine test is to determine kidney function, protein content, and the levels of sugar in the blood.
4. Examine the fetal heartbeat
Tools to hear the baby’s heartbeat early in pregnancy is sonicaid. After the content was only 28 weeks, the doctor will use a tool shaped like a trumpet called fetal stethoscope. In this day and age, pregnant women and her husband can listen to the fetal heart rate using the Doppler technique.
5. Examination in
This examination is performed by a doctor by inserting two fingers into the vagina and the other hand to press the abdomen. In the early months of pregnancy, the audit is to find out how big the size of the uterus, whether according to gestational age or not. Just before the birth of the examination is intended to examine the state of the cervix which includes consistency and the opening of the cervix, the lower part of the fetus: if according to gestational age or not.
Just before the birth of the examination is intended to examine the state of the cervix which includes consistency and the opening of the cervix, the lower part of the fetus: whether the ketubah membrane is intact or not; and also to know the mother punggul especially at first child birth.
This examination is done by holding the abdomen is called palpation examination. The goal is to determine the location and position of the fetus (where lies the back of the fetus). From here they can know whether the baby on the head position, the position of the buttocks, or the latitude. Palpation examination under 6 months of gestation usually to find out how high the top of the uterus, whether according to gestational age or not.